Pequin pepper originates in the Mexican state of Tabasco, where it’s widely used to make salsa or complimentary to many dishes.
The name Pequin is thought to come from the Spanish pequeño, meaning small.Its fruit is oblong and is found in the wild from the American Southwest to the Andes. It is grown both wild and commercially harvested in Mexico.
Common uses include pickling, salsas, sauces, soups, and vinegars. The Cholula brand hot sauce lists piquin peppers and chile de arbol peppers among its ingredients.
Pequin peppers are highly valued in Mexico, often costing more than 10 times the price of other peppers, but their cultivation is limited due to low seed germination and susceptibility to disease